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Rooftops of Tehran Research Guide: Scholarly v. Popular

Prepared for English 1A - Roohi Vora


For your reseach papers, you may be required to use periodical literature as your a reserach source. Periodicals are publications that are printed and distributed at regular intervals. There are three main types of periodicals:


These may be found in both print or electronic (e.g. on the web or through the library's article databases) form.

Scholarly vs. Popular

Scholarly vs. Popular Sources

Academic Journals are considered scholarly sources because they are created to further knowledge in academic fields and educate, while newspapers and magazines are considered popular sources because they are created to entertain.

Why identify publication type?

Why Identify Publication Type?

It is important to be aware of the different types of publication sources so that when you are conducting research you know what publication source will meet your information need. Also, in order to properly cite a source, you need to identify it’s publication type to determine the correct formatting. Determing publication type can be more challenging when viewing an article in electronic format since there is often less context



Academic Journal Characteristics

--Purpose is for educating

--Articles written by scholars and experts

--Articles are indepth and long

--Language of articles is technical

--Sources are cited

--No advertising

--Graphs, charts and illustrations are used to show research

Magazine Characteristics

--Purpose is to entertain

--Articles written by journalists

--Uses flashy pictures and headlines to attract readers

--Normally no citations included

--Articles about current events and culture

--Published monthly and sometimes weekly

--Written for the general public thus writing is easy to understand

Newspaper Characteristics

--Purpose is for entertaining

--Articles written by journalists

--Articles published daily

--Usually no citation

--Articles written to report current events

--Articles are often short in length

--Pictures and headlines used to grab attention