Click the image for an informative example of a research paper with explanations of APA formatting:
Watch the video below for tips on how to format your APA References page (7th ed.)
APA's Official Style and Grammar Guidelines has extensive information on in-text citation and creating a list of references.
The OWL at Purdue: APA Style Another source of information about in-text citation and creating a list of references.
BibMe, KnightCite are guided citation builders -- entering your citation information and these Web sites will help you format your citation.
The last page of your essay is called the "References" list. This is where you list the full citation of the sources you used to write your paper.
To create the citations for your sources:
1. Identify the type of source you are citing (book, magazine article, website, etc.)
2. Look up the APA format for that source type. Owl Purdue Online Writing Lab provides APA Citation formats for the References page.
Owl Purdue Writing Lab also provides basic rules on the organization and formatting of the APA References page.
In addition to creating the References list, you are also required to include in text citation.
This is a brief citation within your research paper that is placed after information which is quoted or paraphrased from the sources you. In text citation for APA generally requires three pieces of information:
1. Author's last name
2. Year the source was published
3. The page number the information came from
The intext citation is often included at the end of a quote or paraphrase and is formatted like this: (Author's Last Name, Year, p. #). However, the placement of the intext can change depending on whether or not you introduce the author in your quote or paraphrasing, but the same information for the citation is still required. See examples below.
Example 1 (quoted): "...the predominant measure of the university teacher performance [...] worldwide" (Pounder, 2007, p. 178).
Example 2 (paraphrased): Similarly, Darwin (2012) refers to teacher evaluation as an established orthodoxy...
More on APA In-Text Citations at Purdue OWL.
1. How should I cite a source multiple times in one paragraph?
Answer from APAStyle.apa.org:
"Repeating a citation
When repeating a citation, show the entire citation; do not, for example, include only a page number (the abbreviation “ibid.” is not used in APA Style). Instead, use the following guidelines: