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ACCEL - History Paper Research Guide: MLA Citation

MLA Handbook

The MLA Handbook is the official guide of MLA citation formatting. You can find the manual at the reference desk and in the reference section of the library's collection.



MLA example

Click the image for an informative example of a research paper with explanations of MLA formatting:

More Questions? MLA Resources

 The Purdue OWL MLA Formattting and Style Guide is another helpful resource for MLA citation. This page provides information about citing (giving credit for any quotes, facts, paraphrases, or summaries in your paper). Check here for help with your works cited page (bibliography page).



Works Cited Page

The last page of your essay is called the "Works Cited" page. This is where you list the full citation of your sources in MLA format.

This page will help you create a "Works Cited" page.

MLA Format: Works Cited

When you use outside sources, you will need to create a works cited list that tells your reader all the information they need to go find the source themselves if they want to.  Commonly used sources include:


Gardner, Howard.  Five Minds for the Future.  Boston, MA:  Harvard Business School Press, 2006. Print.

Articles from Databases

Koechlin, Carol. "Five Minds for the Future."  Rev. of Five Minds for the FutureTeacher Librarian 36.3 (2009): 57-59. aaaaaStudent Resource Center - Gold. Web. 15 Apr. 2010.


"History of Project Zero."  Project Zero.  School of Education, Harvard University.  2010.  Web.  15 Apr. 2010.

For more inforation about creating a works cited list, see Diana Hacker.  There you will find examples of how to cite many different types of sources.

  MLA Format: In-Text Citation

When you use outside sources, you want to 1)  introduce them to the reader, 2) indicate a page number when applicable, and 3) show how this quote relates to what you are trying to say.

According to Howard Gardner the synthesizing mind is important for "selecting crucial information from the copious amounts of information available" (154).  In my experience it is difficult to know which information is crucial.

Longer quotes should be indented.

Howard Gardner argues that schools should cultivate all 5 minds for the future:

It is up to the educational system as a whole -- the educational systems in the broadest sense -- to ensure that the ensemble of minds is cultivated.  In one sense, this is a job of synthesis--making sure that all five kinds of minds are developed.  But equally, it is an ethical obligation:  in the years ahead, societies will not survive--let along thrive--unless as citizens we respect and culitvat ethe quintet of minds valorized here.  (165)

It is important to non emphasize to much one mind over the other, but the different qualities they bring and how they work together.


For more information about in-text citation, see Diana Hacker.